My Alaska 1960’s Experience
2019–a group of the same students who always did this stuff, organized the 50th year reunion since my East Anchorage High School graduation occurred–but I didn’t attend. Those were not good years for me and I didn’t care to hear from many peers who are still stuck in the 60’s.
I have moved on.
But I look back with mixed emotions on where I was then, where Alaska was at in context with the rest of the country, and where we have come as a state having tremendous oil wealth.
Our class song was Born to be Wild, by Steppenwolf the theme song from the 1969 classic movie Easy Rider with Peter Fonda, Dennis Hopper, and Jack Nicholson.
From the song:
Get your motor runnin’
Head out on the highway
Lookin’ for adventure
And whatever comes our way
Yeah Darlin’ go make it happen
Take the world in a love embrace
Fire all of your guns at once
And explode into space
Nationally 1969 was a year of social and political drama.
January 20, Richard Nixon was sworn in as the 37th President of the United States in the face of a groundswell of social unrest from Pres. Lyndon Johnson’s War in Vietnam. On June 8 President Nixon and South Vietnamese President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu met at Midway Island where Nixon announced that 25,000 U.S. troops would be withdrawn by September. On September 14 the US Selective Service held the First Draft Lottery, changing the way men were drafted into the military. Although the war was winding down, on October 15 hundreds of thousands of people took part in Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam demonstrations across the United States.
We had those demonstrations in Anchorage, too. I marched and played my 12-string guitar in the bitter cold on the streets of Anchorage, concluding at the Sydney Lawrence Auditorium. Many young men of my generation joined the military or were drafted to fight in this conflict. I opposed the war on principle but never had to face the prospect of being drafted because I went to college and I got a high lottery number.
January 28, a “blowout” on Union Oil’s Platform A spilled 80,000 to 100,000 barrels of crude oil into a channel and onto the beaches of Santa Barbara County in Southern California. On February 5 the oil closed Santa Barbara’s harbor and inspired Wisconsin Sen. Gaylord Nelson to organize the first Earth Day in 1970.1
First Paragraph "It was just a normal day before Dr. David Egilman called me out of the blue on November 28, 2006. The days are short that time of year in Anchorage, Alaska, and it was getting dark by mid-afternoon. Dr. Egilman told me he had been hired as an expert witness by one of the law firms representing patients who had taken Zyprexa and contracted diabetes or other metabolic problems. He wanted to know about documents relating to Zyprexa I might have. In truth, he was feeling me out to see whether I might be willing to subpoena him, so he could legally send me secret documents. These documents revealed the pharmaceutical company Eli Lilly (Lilly) had from the beginning suppressed information showing Zyprexa caused these life-threatening conditions. In addition, they showed Lilly had illegally marketed this powerful and dangerous drug for use in children and the elderly. He wanted me to then send them to Alex Berenson, a reporter for The New York Times with whom he was already working on a Zyprexa exposé." Continue Reading...
Less than a month later The New York Times began a series of front-page stories about the documents subpoenaed by Jim Gottstein, which became known as the Zyprexa Papers. A month to the day after the first of these New York Times articles, Gottstein had been hauled in front of the legendary United States District Court judge, Jack Weinstein, of the Eastern District of New York in Brooklyn. Although Mr. Gottstein believed he obtained the Zyprexa Papers legally, Judge Weinstein decided he had conspired to steal the documents, and Lilly threatened him with criminal contempt charges. The Zyprexa Papers by Jim Gottstein is a riveting first-hand account of what really happened, including new details about how a small group of psychiatric survivors spread the Zyprexa Papers on the Internet untraceably. All of this within a gripping, plain-language explanation of complex legal maneuvering and his battles on behalf of Bill Bigley, the psychiatric patient whose ordeal made possible the exposure of the Zyprexa Papers.
Alaska’s Mental Health Crisis Predates Statehood
Editor's Note: Read about how the Law Project for Psychiatric Rights (PsychRights) and Alaskan Public Interest attorney, Jim Gottstein took on the State of Alaska AND Big Pharma and Won!
This movement for environmental purity would backdrop the coming discussion about drilling for oil on Alaska’s North Slope and building a pipeline from Prudhoe Bay to Valdez.
On July 16 the Apollo 11 rocket with Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins lifted off toward the first landing on the Moon where it did land on July 20. An estimated 500 million people worldwide watched in awe. A second Apollo 12 spacecraft, November 19 with astronauts Charles Conrad and Alan Bean landed at Oceanus Procellarum (“Ocean of Storms”), becoming the third and fourth humans to walk on the Moon before returning safely and splashing down in the Pacific Ocean November 24.
We watched this event in real time while most other news reports had traditionally been delayed while newsreels were flown up from Seattle.
August 15–August 18, The Woodstock Festival was held in upstate New York, featuring some of the top rock musicians of the era. A two-tape VCR of this event was played in many homes around Alaska. On December 6 In contrast, the Altamont Free Concert was held at the Altamont Speedway in northern California. Hosted by The Rolling Stones, it was an attempt at a “Woodstock West” production and is best known for the uproar of violence that occurred. It is viewed by many as the “end of the sixties.”
In May of 1969 graduates of East High School heard U.S. Senator Mike Gravel give our commencement address. He had beat out Ernest Gruening in the 1968 election. Sen. Gravel tried to end the draft and famously put The Pentagon Papers into the public record in 1971. He played a crucial role in getting Congressional approval for the Trans-Alaska Pipeline in 1973. He was re-elected to the Senate in 1974, but gradually alienated most of his Alaskan constituencies and his bid for a third term was defeated in the 1980 primary election.
The most significant thing for Alaskans in 1969 was the September 10 Alaska Department of Natural Resources Oil Lease Sale for North Slope lands. Gov. Wally Hickel had moved on to serve as Nixon’s Secretary of the Interior and Lt. Gov. Keith Miller was on hand at the same Sydney Lawrence Auditorium where I was to lead singing “We Shall Overcome” a month later, to open the bidding and turn the proceedings over to DNR Commissioner Tom Kelly. In his book Prudhoe Bay Governor Miller states: By the end of the day the major oil companies, and some minor ones, bid just over 900 million dollars for the right to drill and produce on those lands owned by the State of Alaska.
This was a harbinger of things to come. Alaska had been purchased from Russia for $7.2 million, and that is the same value of the oil filling the first tanker out of Valdez. Thousands of tankers have since filled up and taken our bounty to market.
Again, from the song:
Like a true nature’s child
We were born, born to be wild
We can climb so high
I never wanna die!
- Earth Day: In July 1970, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was established in response to the growing public demand for cleaner water, air, and land—its mission to protect the environment and public health. Earth Day also was the precursor of the largest grassroots environmental movement in U.S. history and the impetus for national legislation such as the Clean Air and Clean Water acts. At the turn of the twenty-first century, the EPA announced new requirements for improving air quality in national parks and wilderness areas and establishing regulations requiring more than 90 percent cleaner heavy-duty highway diesel engines and fuel. https://www.loc.gov/item/today-in-history/april-22/#:~:text=Earth%20Day%20was%20first%20observed,sites%20across%20the%20United%20States. [↩]